Being Human Matters How do we define what is human and what is not?
It tries to discover the nature of truth and knowledge and to find what is of basic value and importance in life. It also examines the relationships between humanity and nature and between the individual and society.
Philosophy arises out of wonder, curiosity, and the desire to know and understand. Philosophy is thus a form of inquiry--a process of analysis, criticism, interpretation, and speculation.
The term philosophy cannot be defined precisely because the subject is so complex and so controversial. Different philosophers have different views of the nature, methods, and range of philosophy.
The term philosophy itself comes from the Greek philosophia, which means love of wisdom. In that sense, wisdom is the active use of intelligence, not something passive that a person simply possesses. The first known Western philosophers lived in the ancient Greek world during the early 's B.
These early philosophers tried to discover the basic makeup of things and the nature of the world and of reality. For answers to questions about such subjects, people had largely relied on magic, superstition, religion, tradition, or authority.
But the Greek philosophers considered those sources of knowledge unreliable. Instead, they sought answers by thinking and by studying nature. Philosophy has also had a long history in some non-Western cultures, especially in China and India.
But until about years ago, there was little interchange between those philosophies and Western philosophy, chiefly because of difficulties of travel and communication. As a result, Western philosophy generally developed independently of Eastern philosophy.
The Importance of Philosophy Philosophic thought is an inescapable part of human existence. Almost everyone has been puzzled from time to time by such essentially philosophic questions as "What does life mean?
Even a person who claims that considering philosophic questions is a waste of time is expressing what is important, worthwhile, or valuable. A rejection of all philosophy is in itself philosophy.
By studying philosophy, people can clarify what they believe, and they can be stimulated to think about ultimate questions. A person can study philosophers of the past to discover why they thought as they did and what value their thoughts may have in one's own life.
There are people who simply enjoy reading the great philosophers, especially those who were also great writers. Philosophy has had enormous influence on our everyday lives. The very language we speak uses classifications derived from philosophy.
For example, the classifications of noun and verb involve the philosophic idea that there is a difference between things and actions. If we ask what the difference is, we are starting a philosophic inquiry.
Every institution of society is based on philosophic ideas, whether that institution is the law, government, religion, the family, marriage, industry, business, or education.
Philosophic differences have led to the overthrow of governments, drastic changes in laws, and the transformation of entire economic systems. Such changes have occurred because the people involved held certain beliefs about what is important, true, real, and significant and about how life should be ordered.
Systems of education follow a society's philosophic ideas about what children should be taught and for what purposes.This volume is a collection of thirteen seminal essays on ethics, free will, and the philosophy of mind.
The essays deal with such central topics as freedom of the will, moral responsibility, the concept of a person, the structure of the will, the nature of action, the constitution of the self, and the theory of personal ideals.
By focusing on the distinctive nature of human freedom, Professor 5/5(1). Abstract: One might think that, once we know something is computable, how efficiently it can be computed is a practical question with little further philosophical importance.
In this essay, I offer a detailed case that one would be wrong. 12 quotes from The Importance of What We Care about: Philosophical Essays: ‘Bullshit is unavoidable whenever circumstances require someone to talk withou.
The Importance of What We Care About: Philosophical Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Pp. x+ $ (cloth); $ the major point of the essay is to contrast egalitarianism with an interesting principle of sufficiency, namely, that "what is important from the The Importance of What We Care About: Philosophical.
"The Importance of What We Care About" tackles some difficult issues: moral responsibility, determinism, and the notion of self, among others. Fankfurt's analysis of these topics is nuanced and incisive: there are no muddy thoughts here/5.
love actually is, and how we can apply this knowledge in our everyday lives. With the divorce rates increasing, and the idea of marriage changing in today’s society, the importance of studying.