Licencing Abstract The present research study was design to investigate the factors affecting academic performance of graduate students of Islamia University of Bahawalpur Rahim Yar Khan Campus. The data were collected from students through separate structured questionnaire from different departments of Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan Campus using the simple random sampling technique. For analysis, linear regression model, correlation analysis, and descriptive analysis were used. A linear model was also proposed that will be helpful to improve the academic performance of graduate students at University level.
For the economic and social development of the society, it is necessary to provide our children with the quality education. In recent years, most of the efforts have been made to search out the factors that can affect the student performance academic.
The purpose of this study is to examine and explore those factors that can affect the student academic performance at The Islamia University of Bahawalpur.
To obtain the information from students, questionnaires were distributed among them. In this regard, different factors were highlighted. Most important factors were income factor, mother and father education, family size, regularity of teachers, interest created by the teachers in the subject and interest of the students in the co-curricular activities.
The Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used to highlight the important factors. Today, there are total 60 universities both private and public and the Islamia university of Bahawalpur is ranked 13th among them.
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur with the total students and 5 sub campuses is working throughout its region. The students are the most important Factors affecting academic performance of a valuable assets of the universities.
It is the responsibility of both parents and teachers that they should help and provide the students with all the facilities so that they may be able to become the valuable citizens of the nation. Students are actually the manpower of the nation.
It is they who have to build the nation with their skilled hands. If they are equipped with good knowledge and skills they would be able to contribute their part well in the social and economic development of the country. It is also the responsibility of the students that they should give their best efforts to their whole academic career.
The employers of the companies and industry 45 African Journals of Education and Technology, Volume 1 Number 2 ; pp. The students should make an effort to be professional in their fields.
In recent years, most of the universities in Pakistan use the CGPA system to evaluate the performance of students. The CGPA shows the average of overall grades of the semesters of the period a student spends in the university.
Many universities in the world are using the same criteria for evaluating the academic performance of the students.
In Malaysia, teachers evaluate the academic performance of the students by using the CGPA system Agus and makhul, Most of these factors were income of parents, contribution of parents in the study of their children, the area to which they belong, the educational background of the parents, behaviour of teacher in the class, their contribution in the academic achievements of the students and the importance of co-curricular activities in their educational achievements.
The students who have the strong financial background tend to have a more CGPA in their academic career than the students who have a weak financial background Aghus and Makhbul The reason may be the students with weak financial background have to strive hard for their studies as well as their living expenses.
Or other reason may be that the rich parents provide their children with all important and necessary facilities for their educational achievements and they in return give good results in their examination checchi, The Aghus and Makhbul in observed in their study that the mothers have more influence on their children academic achievements and performance.
Students' performance in intermediate examination is positively associated with the mother education hijazi and Naqvi The performance in the last examination or semester can be the best source to evaluate the future performance of the students Aleamoni, As far as the involvement of the students in the co-curricular activities, are concerned these activities have been observed the most important factor in many studies.
Most of the co-curricular activities are very helpful in constructing and empowering the academic achievements of the students, although they do not have direct impact on curricular achievements Marsh and Kleitman, ; Guest and Schneider, The people who support the concept of co-curricular activities as helping tool in the academic attainments of the students visualize that these types of activities play an important role in the development of strong character and health, enable the students to communicate effectively, develop the habit of sportsman spirit and teamwork, build up the moral and ethical values among the students and widen the creative thinking.
The co-curricular activities have been found positively related to the academic attainments and regular attendances NCES education policy issues, June The teacher contribution is also a very important tool in evaluating the performance of the students in the classroom.
Doyle observed from his study that those teachers are successful in the classrooms that use a variety of techniques and interactive styles to teach as compared to those who use formal methods. Another important factor in this regard can be the region or area to which the students belong.
It has been observed from the study conducted by Washbrune that students who belong to the urban areas give better academic performance as compared to those who come from less populated areas. The reason may be the facilities and resources are available in abundance in the urban areas regarding curricular and co-curricular activities as compared to the rural areas where these facilities are less available.
The quantity - quality model has shown that the performance of the children especially education achievements have been reduced due to the larger family size Rosenzweig and Wolpin, ; Hanushek, The role of teacher has its own importance in the academic achievements of the students because it is the teacher who transforms the policies into practical actions which is developed during interaction and collaboration with the students Afe The sampling method used in this regard is the stratified random sampling.International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences April , Vol.
4 ISSN: timberdesignmag.com International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences September , Vol. 2, No. 9 ISSN: 2 timberdesignmag.com Factors affecting business students’ performance in Arab Open University: The case of Kuwait.
International Journal of Busi- ness and Management, 6 (5), The findings revealed that age, father/guardian social economic status and daily study hours significantly contribute the academic performance of graduate students.
A linear model was also proposed that will be helpful to improve the academic performance of graduate students at University level. Problems Affecting The Academic Performance of Rural Secondary School Students in Enugu State.
Problems Affecting The Academic Performance of Rural Secondary School Students in Enugu State. Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Primary School Children Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, (April - June) 49 during examinations/tests and similarly47% public and