The 20th century The vanguardia Eventually the innovations of Modernismo became routine, and poets began to look elsewhere for ways to be original. The next important artistic movement in Latin America was the avant-garde, or the vanguardia, as it is known in Spanish. This movement reflected several European movements, especially Surrealism.
See Article History Alternative Title: As a female, she had little access to formal education and would be almost entirely self-taught. Juana was born out of wedlock to a family of modest means in either or, according to a baptismal certificate, there is no scholarly consensus on her birth date.
Her mother was a Creole and her father Spanish. He invited her to court as a lady-in-waiting in and later had her knowledge tested by some 40 noted scholars. She moved in to the more lenient Convent of Santa Paula of the Hieronymite order in Mexico City, and there she took her vows.
Sor Juana remained cloistered in the Convent of Santa Paula for the rest of her life. In her convent cell, Sor Juana amassed one of the largest private libraries in the New World, together with a collection of musical and scientific instruments.
She was able to continue her contact with other scholars and powerful members of the court. The patronage of the viceroy and vicereine of New Spain, notably that of the marquis and marquise de la Laguna from tohelped her maintain her exceptional freedom.
They visited her, favoured her, and had her works published in Spain. For her part, Sor Juana, though cloistered, became the unofficial court poet in the s.
Her plays in verse, occasional poetrycommissioned religious services, and writings for state festivals all contributed magnificently to the world outside the convent. She was the last great writer of the Hispanic Baroque and the first great exemplar of colonial Mexican culture.
Sor Juana employed all of the poetic models then in fashion, including sonnets, romances ballad formand so on. She drew on a vast stock of Classical, biblical, philosophical, and mythological sources.
She wrote moralsatiric, and religious lyrics, along with many poems of praise to court figures. Though it is impossible to date much of her poetry, it is clear that, even after she became a nun, Sor Juana wrote secular love lyrics.
Her breadth of range—from the serious to the comical and the scholarly to the popular—is equally unusual for a nun. Sor Juana authored both allegorical religious dramas and entertaining cloak-and-dagger plays.
Notable in the popular vein are the villancicos carols that she composed to be sung in the cathedrals of Mexico City, Puebla, and Oaxaca. Sor Juana was as prolific as she was encyclopaedic.
Salceda, runs to four lengthy volumes.
Sor Juana placed her own stamp on Spanish 17th-century literature. Her philosophical poems can carry the Baroque theme of the deceptiveness of appearances into a defense of empiricism that borders on Enlightenment reasoning.
Sor Juana celebrated woman as the seat of reason and knowledge rather than passion. Other first-person poems have an obvious autobiographical element, dealing with the burdens of fame and intellect. Sor Juana also occasionally wrote of her native Mexico.
The short play that introduces her religious drama El divino Narciso ; The Divine Narcissus, in a bilingual edition blends the Aztec and Christian religions.
Her various carols contain an amusing mix of Nahuatl a Mexican Indian language and Hispano-African and Spanish dialects. The date of its writing is unknown. It employs the convoluted poetic forms of the Baroque to recount the torturous quest of the soul for knowledge.
As the sun rises and routs the night, the dream fades and the body awakens, but the soul determines to persist in its efforts.to the Illustrious Sor Philotea de la Cruz), is finished on March 1, and in it Sor Juana defends her right, as a woman, to have intellectual freedom, to be a writer and a.
AFAM Intro to African American Studies This course provides an overview of African American history and culture. Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times.
Johnathan Russell Clark has published the first book about It’s a slim volume from Fiction Advocate’s new series called “ Afterwords” (which includes other books on Joan Didion’s The Year of Magical Thinking and Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home).If you . Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a 17th century nun, self-taught scholar and acclaimed writer of the Latin American colonial period and the Hispanic Baroque.
She was also a staunch advocate for. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. This is a list of notable Latin American people, in alphabetical order within categories.