However, although Engels wrote in the s, his book was not translated into English until the late s, and his expression did not enter everyday language until then. Credit for popularising the term may be given to Arnold Toynbeewhose lectures gave a detailed account of the term.
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Revolution and the growth of industrial society, — Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events. The French Revolution broke out inand its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, cultureand diplomacy during the late 19th century.
In between these boundaries—the one opening a new set of trends, the other bringing long-standing tensions to a head—much of modern Europe was defined. Europe during this year span was both united and deeply divided. A number of basic cultural trends, including new literary styles and the spread of science, ran through the entire continent.
European states were increasingly locked in diplomatic interaction, culminating in continentwide alliance systems after At the same time, this was a century of growing nationalismin which individual states jealously protected their identities and indeed established more rigorous border controls than ever before.
Finally, the European continent was to an extent divided between two zones of differential development. Changes such as the Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fastest in western Europe—Britain, France, the Low CountriesScandinavia, and, to an extent, Germany and Italy.
Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, changed more slowly and in somewhat different ways. Europe witnessed important common patterns and increasing interconnections, but these developments must be assessed in terms of nation-state divisions and, even more, of larger regional differences.
Some trends, including the ongoing impact of the French Revolution, ran through virtually the entire 19th century. Other characteristics, however, had a shorter life span.
Some historians prefer to divide 19th-century history into relatively small chunks. Thus, — is defined by the French Revolution and Napoleon; —48 forms a period of reaction and adjustment; —71 is dominated by a new round of revolution and the unifications of the German and Italian nations; and —, an age of imperialism, is shaped by new kinds of political debate and the pressures that culminated in war.
Overriding these important markers, however, a simpler division can also be useful. Between and Europe dealt with the forces of political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Between and a fuller industrial society emerged, including new forms of states and of diplomatic and military alignments.
The midth century, in either formulation, looms as a particularly important point of transition within the extended 19th century.Attitudes and global events during the first decade of the 19th century with links to all decades of the century – each item one paragraph listed by the year.
In what ways did the Industrial Revolution shape the character of 19th century European imperialism? The Industrial Revolution made over seas expansion and business more desire.
This also provided new means for achieving these goals. Nov 17, · Revolution and the growth of industrial society, – Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.
The French Revolution broke out in , and its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, culture, and diplomacy during the late 19th .
The industrial revolution, played a major role in modernization of the world when an era of whole-scale industrial liberalization played a significant role in the scientific advancement of the world. Although the 17th-century Puritan Revolution in England was animated by nationalist sentiment, significant nationalist movements generally did not arise until the late 18th century.
The American and French revolutions (–83 and –99, respectively) were both expressions of political nationalism. Watch video · The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century, when agricultural societies became more industrialized and urban.
The transcontinental railroad, the cotton gin, electricity and other.