Catastrophism Lara Anderson Dr.
His father, a carpenter, wished him to follow his trade, but his success in mathematics at Lancaster and Heversham grammar schools won him an exhibition a type of scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge In he was awarded the Chancellor's Gold Medal for poetry.
He was professor of mineralogy from to and Knightbridge Professor of Philosophy then called "moral theology and casuistical divinity" from to History and development of science[ edit ] William Whewell, c. While the History traced how each branch of the sciences had evolved since antiquity, Whewell viewed the Philosophy as the "Moral" of the previous work as it sought to extract a universal theory of knowledge through history.
In the latter, he attempted to follow Francis Bacon 's plan for discovery. He examined ideas "explication of conceptions" and by the "colligation of facts" endeavoured to unite these ideas with the facts and so construct science.
Whewell's three steps of induction[ edit ] Whewell analysed inductive reasoning into three steps: The selection of the fundamental idea, such as space, number, cause, or likeness resemblance ; The formation of the conception, or more special modification of those ideas, as a circle, a uniform force, etc.
Upon these follow Uniformitarianism essay methods of induction applicable to quantity: In Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences Whewell was the first to use the term " consilience " to discuss the unification of knowledge between the different branches of learning.
Opponent of English empiricism[ edit ] Here, as in his ethical doctrine, Whewell was moved by opposition to contemporary English empiricism. Following Immanuel Kanthe asserted against John Stuart Mill the a priori nature of necessary truthand by his rules for the construction of conceptions he dispensed with the inductive methods of Mill.
Whewell's neologisms[ edit ] As stated, one of Whewell's greatest gifts to science was his wordsmithing. He often corresponded with many in his field and helped them come up with new terms for their discoveries.
In fact, Whewell came up with the term scientist itself inand it was first published in Whewell's anonymous review of Mary Somerville 's On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences published in the Quarterly Review. Work in college administration[ edit ] Statue of Whewell by Thomas Woolner in Trinity College Chapel, Cambridge Whewell was prominent not only in scientific research and philosophy, but also in university and college administration.
His first work, An Elementary Treatise on Mechanicscooperated with those of George Peacock and John Herschel in reforming the Cambridge method of mathematical teaching. His work and publications also helped influence the recognition of the moral and natural sciences as an integral part of the Cambridge curriculum.
In general, however, especially in later years, he opposed reform: He opposed the appointment of the University Commissionand wrote two pamphlets Remarks against the reform of the university He stood against the scheme of entrusting elections to the members of the senate and instead, advocated the use of college funds and the subvention of scientific and professorial work.
He was elected Master of Trinity College, Cambridge inand retained that position until his death in The Whewell Professorship of International Law and the Whewell Scholarships were established through the provisions of his will.
He is best known for his writings on Gothic architecturespecifically his book, Architectural Notes on German Churches first published in In this work, Whewell established a strict nomenclature for German Gothic churches and came up with a theory of stylistic development.
His work is associated with the "scientific trend" of architectural writers, along with Thomas Rickman and Robert Willis. He paid from his own resources for the construction of two new courts of rooms at Trinity College, Cambridge, built in a Gothic style. The two courts were completed in and posthumously inand are now collectively named Whewell's Court in the singular.Catastrophism was the theory that the Earth had largely been shaped by sudden, short-lived, violent events, possibly worldwide in scope.
This was in contrast to uniformitarianism (sometimes described as gradualism), in which slow incremental changes, such as erosion, created all the Earth's geological features.
Uniformitarianism held that the present was the key to the past, and that all. The Study of Uniformitarianism Essay. The Study of Uniformitarianism The origin of life on Earth is a fundamental scientific question, but we do not know as much as many biology textbooks would like you to believe.
(Pigliucci) Uniformitarianism is vital to the world of science. It is a geological doctrine. Comparative Essay on Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism Dennis Jacobson L Professor Dr.
Travis Bradshaw PHSC Submitted December 10, Figure 2. How relative dating of events and radiometric (numeric) dates are combined to produce a calibrated geological time scale.
In this example, the data demonstrates that "fossil B time" was somewhere between and million years ago, and that "fossil A . The “Geologic Column” is a set of presumed ages, shown above.
It’s based on “index fossils” of mostly-extinct creatures. These have been put in a sequence that’s used as the primary method of dating other samples, as new ones are uncovered. New Dictionary of the History of Ideas (6 Volume Set) [Maryanne Cline Horowitz] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.