History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Image source Everyone thinks. It is simply within our human nature to do so. For students, both within schools and higher education institutions, intellectual engagement is crucial, and thus critical thinking skills need to be developed.
In fact, a good teacher knows this and will provide materials that will stimulate the mind. Unfortunately, much of our thinking suffers from all kinds of complications, for instance, we find ourselves susceptible to bias and prejudice, and our thinking can also be distorted and uninformed.
As mentioned, critical thinking works from the assumption that human beings are capable of good reasoning of which can be developed through educational processes. Thus, part of critical thinking is to be rational, the ability to reason logically, and to be able to make decisions and judgements, both small and big, based on facts or reason 4.
Critical thinking is a domain-general thinking skill. The ability to think clearly and rationally is important whatever we choose to do. The ability to think clearly and rationally is . Critical thinking is the “objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.” Without the skill or ability to think critically, we stay in, or revert to, ego-centric and socio-centric thinking. Critical thinking is an integral feature every employer tries to assess during employment. The decisions made by the employees whether replying to a customer request or replying emails could potentially make or break the business, hence the need for critical thinking skills.
Similarly, the philosophers Joe Lau and Jonathan Chan identify what they believe are traits inherent to any critical thinker 6. Moreover, a number of scholars at the Foundation for Critical Thinking suggest that the critical thinker is one who raises vital questions, identifies problems, and comes to well-reasoned conclusions and solutions 7.
However, Lau and Chan, observe that critical thinking is not simply a matter of accumulating information and facts. Many would agree that being a critical thinker is an important feature when both practical and philosophical scenarios present themselves.
Many people live unexamined lives in a number of ways, probably because it is easier and much more comfortable to do so. Because many people can be afraid of what conclusions they might reason to, or they might prefer holding to a specific set of beliefs even though they are aware that those beliefs are probably false.
However, the opposite of this could be true too, for if we can master the skill of critical thinking we can improve our own lives in numerous ways. Not only can we seek for truth and iron out self-deception and unjustified beliefs, but we can also take command of our own lives in that we can live rationally and reasonably.
We should use our thinking skills to examine arguments for and against philosophies and theologies. The more we learn about such things the greater confidence we can have when we reason to conclusions. Moreover, it is important that with critical thinking comes a sense of intellectual humility.
Intellectual hubris is a trap that many intelligent people fall into which often results in smart people sometimes saying silly and outright false statements. Therefore, a humble spirit is a good one, and is the mark of a mature thinker.
The Critical Thinking Community. Our Concept and Definition of Critical Thinking. What is critical thinking?Critical thinking is the “objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.” Without the skill or ability to think critically, we stay in, or revert to, ego-centric and socio-centric thinking.
If you go through a life of a critical thinker, you may find him being quietly observing, forming opinion consistently. Being critical is about questioning your assumptions, ways of living and thinking patterns and consistently changing it until a.
Someone with critical thinking skills can judge what pieces of information are important and discard data that is not useful to him. He can weigh various facts and points of view and identify logical errors.
Critical thinking is an integral feature every employer tries to assess during employment. The decisions made by the employees whether replying to a customer request or replying emails could potentially make or break the business, hence the need for critical thinking skills. The reason critical thinking is a skill—and not just an automatic thought process—is because most people naturally think “uncritically,” making decisions based on personal biases, self-interest, or irrational emotions.
Critical Thinking is a domain-general thinking skill. The ability to think clearly and rationally is important whatever we choose to do. If you work in education, research, finance, management or.